| Publications |


View some of Dr. Jha’s select and notable publications below.

Quality and Safety of Care

Public Reporting of Mortality Rates for Hospitalized Medicare Patients and Trends in Mortality for Reported Conditions. Ann Intern Med 2016.

The Stars of Hospital Care: Useful Information or a Distraction? JAMA Forum 2016.

The Association Between the Value-Based Purchasing Pay-For-Performance Program and Patient Mortality in U.S. Hospitals. BMJ 2016.

Towards a Safer Healthcare System: The Critical Need to Improve Measurement. JAMA Intern Med 2016.

Association between the CMS Hospital Star Rating and Patient Outcomes. JAMA Intern Med 2016.

Characteristics of Hospitals Receiving the Largest Penalties by US Pay for Performance Programs. BMJ Qual Saf 2016.

Remembering the Strength of Weak Ties. Am J Manag Care 2016.

Learning from the Past to Improve VA Healthcare. JAMA 2016.

Reducing Diagnostic Errors – Why Now? NEJM 2015.

Seeking Rational Approaches to Fixing Hospital Readmissions. JAMA 2015.

Delivering Value by Focusing on Patient Experience. Am J Manag Care 2015.

Patients’ Functional Status and Hospital Readmissions: Remembering What Matters. JAMA Intern Med 2015.

The Relationship Between Variations in Cesarean Delivery and Regional Healthcare Utilization in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2015.

Mortality and Readmission After Cervical Fracture from a Fall in Older Adults: Comparison with Hip Fracture Using National Medicare Data. J Am Geriat Soc 2015.

Hospital Board and Management Practices are Strongly Related to Hospital Performance on Clinical Quality Metrics. Health Aff (Millwood) 2015.

Value-Based Payments Require Valuing What Matters to Patients. JAMA 2015.

Access, Quality, and Costs of Care at Physician Owned Hospitals in the United States, an Observational Study. BMJ 2015.

Hospital closures had no measurable impact on local hospitalization rates or mortality rates, 2003-11. Health Aff (Millwood) 2015.

Innovating Care for Medicare Beneficiaries: Time for Riskier Bets and Embracing Failure. JAMA 2015.

Medicare’s Bundled Payment Initiative: Most Hospitals are Focused on a Few High-Volume Conditions. Health Aff (Millwood) 2015.

Care Fragmentation in the Post-Discharge Period: Surgical Readmissions, Distance of Travel, and Postoperative Mortality. JAMA Surg 2015.

Patient Satisfaction and Quality of Surgical Care in US Hospitals. Ann Surg 2015.

Association Between Hospital Conversions to For-Profit Status and Clinical Economic Outcomes. JAMA 2014.

Compensation of Chief Executive Officers at Nonprofit US Hospitals. JAMA Int Med 2014.

Variation in Surgical Readmissions and Relationship to Quality of Hospital Care. NEJM 2013.

Mortality for Publicly Reported Conditions and Overall Hospital Mortality Rates. JAMA 2013.

Contribution of Preventable Acute Care Spending to Total Spending for High-Cost Medicare Patients. JAMA 2013.

Insurance Expansion in Massachusetts did not reduce access among previously insured Medicare patients. Health Aff (Millwood) 2013.

Association of Public Reporting for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Utilization and Outcomes Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Acute Myocardial Infarction. JAMA 2012.

Effect of Non-Payment for Preventable Infections in U.S. Hospitals. NEJM 2012.

Greater adherence to diabetes drugs is linked to less hospital use and could save nearly $5 billion annually. Health Aff (Millwood) 2012.

The long-term impact of Premier pay-for-performance on patient outcomes. NEJM 2012.

The Intensity and Variation of Surgical Care at the End of Life: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Lancet 2011.

Esophagectomy Outcomes at Low-Volume Hospitals: The Association between Systems Characteristics and Mortality. Ann Surg 2011.

Variations in Efficiency and the Relationship to Quality of Care in the Veterans Health System. Health Aff (Millwood) 2011.

The Association between Hospital Volume and Processes, Outcomes, and Costs of Care for Congestive Heart Failure. Ann Intern Med 2011.

Quality of Care and Patient Outcomes in Critical Access Rural Hospitals. JAMA 2011.

Hospital Governance and the Quality of Care. Health Aff (Millwood) 2010.

Public Reporting of Discharge Planning and Rates of Readmissions. NEJM 2009.

Primary Care Visit Duration and Quality: Does Good Care Take Longer? Arch Intern Med 2009.

Improving Safety and Eliminating Redundant Tests: Cutting Costs in U.S. Hospitals. Health Aff (Millwood) 2009.

Measuring Efficiency: The Association of Hospital Costs and Quality of Care. Health Aff (Millwood) 2009.

Patients’ Perception of Hospital Care in the United States. NEJM 2008.

Trends in Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing from 1995 through 2004. Arch Intern Med 2007.

The Inverse Relationship between Mortality Rates and Performance in the Hospital Quality Alliance Measures. Health Aff (Millwood) 2007.

The Predictive Accuracy of the New York State Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Report-Card System. Health Aff (Millwood) 2006.

Care in U.S. Hospitals–the Hospital Quality Alliance Program. NEJM 2005.

Clinical Problem-Solving. Forgotten but Not Gone. NEJM 2004.

Effect of the Transformation of the Veterans Affairs Health Care System on the Quality of Care. NEJM 2003.

Clinical Problem-Solving. Diagnosis Still in Question. NEJM 2002.



The Role of Socioeconomic Status in Hospital Outcomes Measures. Ann Intern Med 2015.

Patient Experience in Safety-Net Hospitals: Implications for Improving Care and Value-based purchasing. Arch Intern Med 2012.

Low-Quality, High-Cost Hospitals, Mainly in South, Care for Sharply Higher Shares of Elderly Black, Hispanic, and Medicaid Patients. Health Aff (Millwood) 2011.

Thirty-Day Readmission Rates for Medicare Beneficiaries by Race and Site of Care. JAMA 2011.

The Effect of Financial Incentives on Hospitals That Serve Poor Patients. Ann Int Med 2010.

Evidence of an Emerging Digital Divide among Hospitals That Care for the Poor. Health Aff (Millwood) 2009.

Do Differences in Hospital and Surgeon Quality Explain Racial Disparities in Lower-Extremity Vascular Amputations? Ann Surg 2009.

The Characteristics and Performance of Hospitals That Care for Elderly Hispanic Americans. Health Aff (Millwood) 2008.

Concentration and Quality of Hospitals That Care for Elderly Black Patients. Arch Intern Med 2007.

Racial Trends in the Use of Major Procedures among the Elderly. NEJM 2005.

Racial Differences in Mortality among Men Hospitalized in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System. JAMA 2001.


Health Information Technology

The Number Of Health Information Exchange Efforts Is Declining, Leaving The Viability Of Broad Clinical Data Exchange Uncertain. Health Aff 2016.

Electronic Health Record Adoption in US Hospitals: Progress Continues, But Challenges Persist. Health Aff (Millwood) 2015.

Despite Substantial Progress in EHR Adoption, Health Information Exchange And Patient Engagement Remain Low. Health Aff (Millwood) 2014.

More Than Half of US Hospitals Had At Least A Basic EHR But Stage 2 Criteria Remain Challenging for Most. Health Aff (Millwood) 2014.

Operational Health Information Exchange Shows Substantial Growth, But Long-Term Funding Remains a Concern. Health Aff (Millwood) 2013.

Small, Non-Teaching, And Rural Hospitals Continue To Be Slow In Adopting Electronic Health Record Systems. Health Aff (Millwood) 2012.

Hospitals Ineligible For Federal Meaningful-Use Incentives Have Dismally Low Rates of Adoption of Electronic Health Records. Health Aff (Millwood) 2012.

A Progress Report on Electronic Health Records in U.S. Hospitals. Health Aff (Millwood) 2010.

Electronic Health Records’ Limited Successes Suggest More Targeted Uses. Health Aff (Millwood) 2010.

Use of Electronic Health Records in U.S. Hospitals. NEJM 2009.

U.S. Regional Health Information Organizations: Progress and Challenges. Health Aff (Millwood) 2009.

The State of Regional Health Information Organizations: Current Activities and Financing. Health Aff (Millwood) 2008.

How Common Are Electronic Health Records in the United States? A Summary of the Evidence. Health Aff (Millwood) 2006.


Global Health

Toward a Common Secure Future: Four Global Commissions in the Wake of Ebola. PLoS Med 2016.

Facing forward after Ebola: Questions for the next Director General of the World Health Organization. BMJ 2016.

Delivering on the Promise of Universal Health Coverage. BMJ 2016.

Accelerating Achievement of the sustainable development goals. BMJ 2016.

Will Ebola Change the Game? Ten Essential Reforms Before the Next Pandemic. The Report of the Harvard-LSHTM Independent Panel on the Global Response to Ebola. Lancet 2015.

Regional Health Expenditure and Health Outcomes After Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Japan: An Observational Study. BMJ Open 2015.

A Comparison Of How Four Countries Use Health IT To Support Care For People With Chronic Conditions. Health Aff (Millwood) 2014.

Adoption of Electronic Health Records in UK Hospitals: Lessons from the USA. Lancet 2014.

The Global Burden of Unsafe Medical Care: Analytic Modelling of Observational Studies. BMJ 2013.

A Survey of Board Chairs of English Hospitals Shows Greater Attention to Quality of Care Than Among Their US Counterparts. Health Aff (Millwood) 2013.

Global Priorities for Patient Safety Research. BMJ 2009.